Epano Zakros is 38 km from Sitia. The road passes through Palekastro where it doubles back towards the south. Comparatively large village, Zakros includes in its community the following smaller villages: Kato Zakros, Adravasti, Azokeramos, Kellaria, Klisidi and the small hamlets of Ayios Georgios, Sfaka, Kanava and Skalia. The asphalt road ends at Kato Zakros.
In the Venetian census it is not mentioned even though it is sure that it existed, because it is marked on maps of the district as Xacro. It seems that it must have been destroyed by the Turkish raids of 1471 and 1538 and so abandoned. It is not even listed in the 1671 Turkish census, but only that of 1820.
The etymology of the name is unknown, though it is certainly a pre-Hellenic word. The theory held by some that it is connected with the Za-ka-ron, a sea people who invaded Egypt in the 13th century BC, does not seem to hold water. Angelakis believes that the name is a combination of the Aeolic Za, instead of Dia, with ‘akros’ : ‘Diakros’ : Extremity.
Ancient ruins have been located in all the following places: Xerokamboulina, Ambeles, Hiromandres, Anthropolithi, Koukou Kefali, Vigles, Skoulatsa, Tavernes, Skafi Vaklias and Pezoules Kefalas.
On the road to Kato Zakros, just outside the village are the remains of a Minoan villa of the late Minoan period which was excavated by Professor N.Platon. A built-in winepress was found here with two containers and a receptacle in which the must was collected.
Fragments of wall-paintings showing polychrome plant forms were also found, and the discovery of a pithos (storage jar) with a linear A inscription is considered important.
All this district is noticeable for the lush vegetation due to its famous springs, the most important of which are at Mesa Milos, Viglou, Anevaloussa and Palemilos.
From the book “Sitia”, N.Papadakis, Archaeologist
Zakros water springs offer a cool break among the plane trees. Water is abundant and has always been giving life to the surrounding area.
While reaching the sign for the Zakros water source, in the upper part of the village, you will find two paths. One leads towards the water spring, between plane trees and flowers. On your left hand, in the beginning of the path you will see the small church of Afentis Christos (Master Jesus).
The other path, leads to a lower ground with benches and tables, ideal for a relaxing picnic between trees.
From the water source begins a magnificent ravine with age-long plane trees leading to the gorge of the Dead.